Description as stated on the LPA MRC (Medical Resource Center):

Achondroplasia is the most common form of short-limb dwarfism.  It occurs in approximately 1 in 26,000 to 1 in 40,000 births.  The characteristic features of achondroplasia are apparent at birth.  These include typical facial features, disproportionate short stature, and rhizomelic (the proximal ends of the limbs) shortening.  Diagnosis of achondroplasia is made by physical exam and skeletal x-rays.  Most individuals have normal intelligence.  Infants and children often have motor delays but cognitive delays are not present.  A special infant developmental chart has been made for children with achondroplasia.  Final adult height is in the range of 4 feet.

Sites about dwarfism in general -

Little People of America, Inc.

LPA – Frequently Asked Questions

Dwarfism – Yahoo! Health

What Are Growth Disorders?
Human Growth Foundation

Conditions of Short Stature
Short Statured People of Australia

General Information Guide To Short Stature
Short Statured People of Australia

Short Stature

Skeletal Dysplasia

A Guide for Parents of Short Children
Human Growth Foundation

Big Enough Point of View

What is Dwarfism? Point of View

What is Normal? Point of View

Parental Building Blocks of Critical Building Blocks in the Successful Dwarf
Ron Morris

Sites about achondroplasia -


March of Dimes

Patient Guide To Achondroplasia
Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University

Human Growth Foundation

Greenberg Center for Skeletal Dysplasias


Dr. Joseph F. Smith Medical Library

Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters

National Organization for Rare Disorders

Achondroplasia – Dr. Judith G. Hall
(From Different Kinds of Chondrodystrophies)Handling The Newborn And Young Infant With Achondroplasia
Dr. Cheryl S. Reid

Sites about achondroplasia related complications -

Complications Associated with Short Stature
Short Statured People of Australia


Your Child Has Been Diagnosed with Bowed Legs (Genu Varum)
Spokane Shriners Hospital

Genu Valgum (knock knees)

Your child has been diagnosed with Knock Knees (Genu Valgum)
Spokane Shriners Hospital

Guide to Kyphosis
Dept. of Orthopedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University

Spinal Deformity In Short-Stature Syndromes
Tolo, VT. Instr Course Lect. 1990;39:399-405

Spinal Stenosis

Inner Ear, Syndromic Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sleep Apena, Special Concern for Little People
Kate Feibusch, Registered PolysomnographicTechnologist

Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder

Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Upper Airway Evaluation

Breathing Problems Among Little People: When To Be Concerned
Dr. Cheryl Reid

Neurologic Morbidity Associated With Achondroplasia
Hecht JT, Butler IJ. J Child Neurol. 1990 Apr;5(2):84-97

Neurologic abnormalities in the skeletal dysplasias: a clinical and radiological perspective
Am J Med Genet. 1997 Mar 3;69(1):33-43

Neck Disorders in Little People
Dr. George Bassett

Oh, My Aching Back
Dr. Robert Wassman Jr.

Spine and Spinal Cord Problems in Bone Dysplasias
Dr. Richard Pauli

Orthopedic aspects of skeletal dysplasia in children
Morcuende JA. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1993 Jun;5(3):363-7

Special Problems of Anesthesia for Little People
Dr. Judith Hall

Little People and The Eustachian Tube
Dr. Rob Hekkenberg

Otitis Media



Nutrition and the Little Person
Dr. Judith Hall

Ways To Cut Calories
Jayne Telford

Links pertaining to Musculoskeletal Diseases
Karolinska Institutet

Dwarfs: Pathophysiology and Anesthetic Implications
Anesthesiology, 73:739, 1990

Sites about achondroplasia with info in medical terms -

Health Supervision For Children With Achondroplasia (Revised 2005)
American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Genetics

Health Supervision For Children With Achondroplasia
American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on GeneticsAchondroplasia

Online Medelian Inheritance in Man


International Birth Defects Information Systems

Achondroplasia – Radiology
London South Bank University

Sites about achondroplasia with abstracts/synopsis -

The Natural History Of Achondroplasia
Hall JG. Basic Life Sci. 1988;48:3-9

Information Update On Achondroplasia
Hall JG. Pediatrics. 1995 Apr;95(4):620

Orphanet, M. le Merrer, M.D.

Sites about disability related legal information -

Arizona Center for Disability Law

Arizona Center for Disability Law – Self-Advocacy Guides

Bart Stevens Special Needs Planning

Social Security Administration

Disability Evaluation – Growth Impairment – Childhood

Social Security Administration

Disability Evaluation – Musculoskeletal System – Childhood

ADA National Access for Public Schools Project

Job Accommodation Network’s
Searchable Online Accommodation Resource (SOAR)
Accommodation Ideas – Little People

Sites about dwarfism support, research, etc -

Little People’s Research Fund, Inc.

The Children of Difference Foundation, Inc.

The Magic Foundation

Short Persons Support

Camp Little People

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